The Myth of Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds

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No Scientific Studies Exist to Support Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds

There is no scientific evidence to support the belief that certain dog breeds cause less of an allergic reaction than others. Many people with pet allergies choose a “hypoallergenic” breed as a solution, but there is no such thing as a truly hypoallergenic dog. Studies show there are no dog breeds that will cause less of an allergic reaction than others.

Many people incorrectly believe that pet hair or pet dander produced by dogs causes allergies, but this isn’t so. The real problem comes from a protein called “Can f 1” which is found in the saliva and urine of ALL dogs, and in high concentrations in the sebaceous glands of dogs with thick or double coats.

When a dog licks his coat, the saliva dries and becomes airborne which is how it gets into your nose and onto your clothes. Studies have shown that so-called hypoallergenic dogs had higher Can f 1 levels in hair and coat samples than non-hypoallergenic dogs! Study Here.

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The Myth of Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds – Research

While there is a prevailing belief that hypoallergenic dog breeds exist, several research studies suggest otherwise.

  1. In a study published in the American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy, researchers found no significant difference in allergen levels between hypoallergenic and non-hypoallergenic dog breeds. This means that both types of dogs produce similar amounts of allergens that can trigger allergies in sensitive individuals. So, if you have allergies and are considering getting a dog, it’s important to know that choosing a hypoallergenic breed may not necessarily reduce your risk of experiencing allergic reactions.
  2. Another study conducted by the Henry Ford Hospital demonstrated that allergen levels were determined by individual dogs rather than their breed. This means that it’s not necessarily the breed of the dog that determines if someone will have an allergic reaction, but rather the specific dog itself. So, if you’re someone who is allergic to dogs, it’s important to spend time with different individual dogs to see if you have a reaction rather than assuming all dogs of a certain breed will cause allergies.
  3. The third study, published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, analyzed dust samples from homes with hypoallergenic dogs and found that allergen levels were still present, indicating that these breeds may not be completely hypoallergenic. Even though these breeds are often advertised as being hypoallergenic, there were still allergen levels present in the dust. This suggests that hypoallergenic dogs are not allergen-free. So, if you have allergies, it’s important to keep this in mind when considering getting a dog, even if it’s a breed that is marketed as hypoallergenic.

These findings challenge the notion of hypoallergenic dog breeds and emphasize the importance of individual sensitivity when it comes to allergies.


The reason that shedding plays a role in pet allergies is because people are allergic to proteins found not only in saliva but also in the sebaceous glands and the fur/feathers of animals. All dogs and cats, no matter what breed, produce dander (tiny pieces of dry skin which are shed all over the house) and saliva (which mixes with dander to become even more potent).

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The only way that you can truly avoid pet allergies is to avoid all contact with animals. People who are allergic to dogs or cats must avoid touching, petting, and even looking at furry friends in order to keep symptoms from flaring up. Make sure that you sleep in a different room from your pets because animal dander can stay airborne for hours after being shed.

If you are a sever allergy sufferer and NEED to have a dog, the first thing to do is talk to your doctor about desensitizing shots . These injections work on a molecular level and can greatly reduce symptoms. Make sure you find a doctor who specializes in dog allergy treatments because not all allergists provide this service. Desensitization shots are often paired with hypoallergenic supplements because the shots work on a molecular level to reduce symptoms. Popular supplements include fish oil, flax seed oil, and vitamin C.

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Common belief is that “hypoallergenic” dog breeds are the solution to pet allergies, but these breeds do not shed less or produce less saliva than other dogs. All canines produce saliva and have sebaceous glands, regardless of how much hair they have. Even hairless dogs like the Chinese Crested are not hypoallergenic because they still produce dander!

Another popular belief is that short-haired breeds tend to be less allergenic than long-haired breeds. In reality, all dogs and cats produce saliva and dander regardless of their coat length.

Long-haired dogs shed just as much as short-haired ones do so they don’t actually contribute to the problem any differently than a dog with less hair would.

A truly hypoallergenic breed would have to produce less or no saliva.

No scientific studies exist to prove claims about the “hypoallergenic” qualities of certain breeds, in fact, research indicates that the quantities of dog allergens in homes with supposedly hypoallergenic breeds are no different from those in homes with dogs widely considered non-hypoallergenic! If you are looking for a pet that won’t give you allergies, talk to your doctor about desensitization shots and supplements.


Some of the “hypoallergenic” dog breeds recommended by the American Kennel Club are:

  • Afghan Hound
  • American Hairless Terrier
  • Bedlington Terrier
  • Bichon Frise
  • Chinese Crested
  • Coton de Tulear
  • Schnauzer-Miniature Schnauzer and Giant Schnauzer
  • Irish Water Spaniel
  • Kerry Blue Terrier
  • Lagotto Romagnolo
  • Maltese
  • Inca Orchid
  • Poodle 
  • Portuguese Water Dog
  • Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
  • Xoloitzcuintli

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Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds FAQ

Are there any dog breeds that don’t cause allergies?
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Unfortunately, no. All dogs produce allergens, such as dander and saliva, which can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. While some breeds may produce fewer allergens than others, there are no completely hypoallergenic dog breeds.

Are there any dog breeds recommended for people with allergies?
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Yes, there are certain dog breeds that are known to be more compatible with people who have allergies. These breeds tend to shed less and produce less dander, which can help reduce allergic reactions. However, it is important to note that individual reactions vary and what works for one person may not work for another.

How can I reduce allergies if I want a dog?
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If you or someone in your household has allergies but still wants a dog, there are steps you can take to minimize allergic reactions. Regular brushing, regular grooming and bathing of the dog can help reduce dander levels. Using air purifiers and keeping the living space clean can also help create a more allergy-friendly environment. It’s always best to spend time with a specific breed or individual dog before making a decision to ensure compatibility with your allergies.

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