About the Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed
The Xoloitzcuintli (aka Mexican Hairless) is an ancient dog breed estimated to be over 3000 years old.Nearly extinct in the 1950’s, the breed experienced a revival when the Mexican government named the dog the official dog breed of Mexico in 1956.The dog’s name can be broken down into two words: “Xolotl” – the Aztec god of death and lightening and “itzcuintli” which means dog. The Aztecs believed this spiritual dog was created by the Gods to guard the souls of the living and guide the souls of the departed through the underworld.
The Xoloitzcuintli is hairless breed (there are short-haired Xilo’s) as the result of a genetic mutation.They have made somewhat of a revival as they are great dogs for people who have an allergic reaction to dog hair.
Xoloitzcuintli were on of the earliest domesticated animals raised for food. They were almost eaten into extinction by the conquistadors as they were an easy and convenient source of protein.
Xoloitzcuintli Colors and Care
The breed comes in three sizes: Toy, Miniature and Standard. Their coats are generally black or grey-black but can be reddish or bronze. Some have white markings.They are sturdy dogs with no known genetic diseases.It is very important not to expose them to extreme temperatures and protect them from sunburn. Their bodies should be washed and moisturized on regular schedule.
You can read more on this breed at the AKC website.