The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a dog breed used in the United States of America as a hunting dog, working dog and pet. The history of this breed can be traced back to ancient times, when it was known as the “Catawba Cur” (or “Catchow”). The Catahoula’s early ancestors were probably introduced to North America through the conquistadors and other breeds such as English Pointers, Greyhounds and war dogs brought to North America by early Spanish settlers that may have been mixed with the original Catawba.
The name “Catahoula” is given because of their association with the Catawba people in Louisiana. The name is derived from the Catawba word for their own tribe, “Catawba” or “Katawa”, and “houla”, meaning corn in old Choctaw language, so literally Catahoula means: “corn people”.
The official Louisiana state dog breed is the Catahoula Leopard Dog, named after La Sertesse Mountain where the breed was first found. The Catahoula is a working dog that is smart, loyal and can be trained to hunt wild boar.